[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎l愛植物

學名:Dionaea muscipula

捕蠅草

別名:Venus Flytrap

捕蟲草,蒼蠅地獄、食蟲草、落地珍珠、捕蟲籠,維納斯捕蠅草

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

其實我一開始買捕蠅草,是那時候家裡蟑螂多,想幫家裡除蟑,我記得好像有吃到一兩隻,後來才發現吃蟲不是必要的,可能偶而可以幫家裡吃一下蟲蟲

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

簡介

捕蟲機制

地理分佈

壽命

照顧方式

繁殖方式

種植方式

1.日照

2.土壤

3.水分

4.溫度

花期

花語

購買盆栽

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

             

簡介

捕蠅草葉片邊緣會有規則敏感刺毛,看起來會刺人,其實是軟的,屬於維管束植物,最明顯的部分就是變態葉,有捕食的功能

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

(捕蠅草不是一定要吃蟲唷,那是因為在環境貧瘠、營養匱乏的地方才發展成這樣,畢竟它是植物,只需要陽光空氣水就好,吃下太大的食物,是會讓它黑掉的,就我所種的經驗,就算不餵蟲也可活,每片葉片大約可捕捉3-4次,超過這次數就會漸漸枯萎)

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

                                         

捕蟲機制

食蟲植物習性大致分為以下四步驟:

  • 引誘
  • 捕捉
  • 利用消化液分解與吸收
  • 維持生長

捕蠅草葉緣部分有蜜線,會分泌蜜汁吸引昆蟲,當昆蟲進入葉面,碰觸感覺器官的感覺毛兩次,葉子就會迅速合起來,當葉子合起來時,刺毛會緊緊相扣,防止昆蟲逃脫。

大家也可以參考以下影片

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

                           

地理分佈

捕蠅草本來是原產北美的多年生草本植物,生長在潮濕沙質、泥炭、濕地或沼澤地,通常在很開闊的地方,可以接受大量日照,夏季炎熱,冬季寒冷,處境較嚴苛,所以發展成葉片捕蟲已獲取氮與磷酸

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

                                       

壽命

如果有良好照顧,至少活20至30年

         

照顧方式

這要看買過來的時候,這盆捕蠅草的生長環境,任何植物也都是,不能跟之前它生長的環境差太多,否則它會一下子不能適應,是會死掉的,所以要漸進式的,這叫做馴化

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

假如買的時候捕蠅草當下的環境,是半日照,那就得先這樣養

若放在外面,可能會有雨水沖擊,導致葉子生命縮短,所以不建議淋大雨

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

                                 

繁殖方式

只要把一段葉子插在土裡,即可繁殖

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

                                     

種植方式

環境要通風,否則爛根

                                                   

1.日照

半日照(也是要依照它平長生長的環境,不能一下子變化太多)

                       

2.土壤

土質多為泥炭、細砂或水苔,捕蠅草偏好保水性佳、酸性栽培介質

但我那時種的時候是水苔,所以水分含量容易高,要注意,否則也是會爛根的

         

3.水分

溼度大於50%,半乾的時候在澆,不能太濕,要通風,才不會爛根

                                               

4.溫度

攝氏25-30度左右,10度以下會進入冬眠狀態,停止生長

     

花期

6~8月

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

        

     

花語

狡黠、笑口常開

[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎

   

購買盆栽

1.捕蠅草3吋盆

( 註:日照須充足唷 )

$149

捕蠅草盆栽
點我購買

2.捕蠅草(小)-小室瓶栽

( 註:果凍養分可以提供約6個月 )

$420

捕蠅草(小)-小室瓶栽
點我購買

在〈“[食蟲植物]捕蠅草,蒼蠅的地獄,想幫家裡吃蟲蟲嗎l愛植物”〉中有 22 則留言

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